Hi my name is Ehtisham and I’m here to help you today we’re gonna show you how to make a ethernet cable category 5 and category 6 patch cable .I’ve found in my travels that nobody knows how to make this even big network administrator’s who like make more money than me and they run my network and they’re like eh I need a patch cable do you know how to make it.
No I don’t here let me get a diagram learned how to make this when I was you should know how to make these.They’re simple they’re easy we’re in a category 5e or cat 5e h cable so we’re gonna have a length of cable that we selected we’ve got one about ten feet right. Here we’re gonna need two modular plugs rj45 we also have our cat six which we also have about 10 feet of cable here .We have a category modular plugs also going to need an rj45 crimping tool .
These seams you can pick up your local hardware store Home Depot .Lowe’s that kind of thing you can fly them online they’re relatively inexpensive and you can use these to make hundreds of cables this one’s .Years old people will always ask you what’s the difference between cat5e and cat6 and first and foremost cat6 is a bigger cable it is a higher standard of cable it is able to shoot gigabit networks down with a lot less .
For practically you can watch this video.
Cross talk which is the the noise that is made with the electricity running over the wires talking to each other and it creates a it slows down your network .If you got too much crosstalk so cat 5e will be good for gigabit cat 6 is just better for gigabit networks .If you find cat 5 cable which does not have the e it will not work for gigabit networks at all.
Just don’t try it it’s not cool you like why is my network so slow it’s because you’re not using good enough cable also.If you’re doing this out of your home cat 6 is expensive by comparison to cat 5e. We’re talking like 30 cents a feet versus cat 5e which is probably like . I haven’t looked at the prices recently but it’s expensive to get a cat 6. So unless you really need the higher standard cable get catified V it’ll do just fine .
So we want to scar the cable sheath so we can break away the sheath and expose .Our conductors on the inside so I’m going to use it just a very gentle .We’re gonna scar the cable sheath with the kick. Cable wire what with the cutter there and now we’re just gonna bend the cable and you can see the real stress here you can bend it bend it put some stress on it .It’ll break away mm6 look at the sheath experiment and once we’re here we want to separate out our pairs . You’ll notice this little string here this is actually for pulling back and exposing more of the cable.
So you pull this back down this way you know just cart the cable down .I’m not gonna do it because I don’t need any more than this but you can just very carefully clip that string away.Here I’ve untwisted all of our conductors into our different color codes we’ve got our orange pair our brown pair a green pair and the blue pair we want them to be in this order .
I’m gonna give you right now it’s gonna be white with the orange stripe Orange and then it’s gonna be white with the green stripe solid blue white with the blue stripe solid green white with a brown stripe solid Brown .
The next thing we want to do is we want to cut back the conductor’s to the proper length so they will fit nicely with our modular plug there’s a crimp on the inside of the plug that will be pushed down when you crimp it with the crimping tool .It’s a lot of crimping you want the sheath to be extended past this little spice here so it will get crimp down and it will hold your hold your table in place okay.
So these conductors have to come all the way up to the end of the mod plug and we want this blue sheath to come and extend past the crimping space that’s right here .So we’re gonna measure about where we want it and we figure this length is good and we want to cut but we don’t want to cut an angle you want to cut it straight across as possible that’s.
why we use these wire cutters they explode everywhere now you can see a little bit of deviations but it’s gonna be okay because it’ll it’ll flush up in the end of the conductor next we’re going to very carefully and you want it at this point just double check your wires make sure that again in the correct order .
that’s why donors orange white green blue white blue green white brown brown and you’re gonna be very careful you want to slip them inside and I don’t know if you can see it the wires are actually being separated out inside the plug along little tracks and they’ll go all the way push it as far up as you can give a little push the sleeve will go up further that’s probably a good thing you can check the end and you’ll see the copper conductors right along the end gonna be nice and shiny okay.
So now we’re gonna go ahead and crimp the cable down you want to make sure that you don’t wiggle this too much once it’s in place and you’re gonna slot the mod plug into the rj45 connector on the crimping tool again .Check the other side of the cable make sure you see the all the copper conductors and I usually do this two or three times you’ll see you here with this push down onto the cable .
It’s a nice solid connection these wires get crimped down and they actually it pierces the sheath this is where you can see the copper conductors are flush with the end of the connector not so you know you’re gonna have a nice good solid connection alright. Now we’re gonna do this with a cat6 cable the procedure is more or less the same there’s subtle differences the things that make this cable better also it make it harder to work with and easier to work with at the same time .
I’ll explain it as go along the sheath is a little thicker because it’s a bigger cable and it’s gonna be easier to store and break open so what okay .Came clean for me there you go now you can see this is a lot different we still have the string for clearing back the sheath we don’t need it careful not to cut any of your wires now cat6 cable .
It’s got a larger conductor this is a gauge wire where the cat5e is a 24 gauge wire which means that this for all of you Europeans this is bigger just a bit a little bit but it’s bigger this piece is just a big glop of insulation .it separates out all the wires runs the entire length of the cable so each pair as you can see the twists here each pair is separate down the length of the cable and they do this to again eliminate crosstalk which is the noise that is generated the electromagnetic noise that is generated by these wires with electricity flowing through them does not cross talk over to here or it does but it’s it’s minimal very carefully.
We want to just remove this bit of insulation because it just makes your lives a living hell. If you clip any of the wires and you can see an exposed piece of copper cut your cable and start again because that exposed wire will actually create more noise coming out of the conductor or it will release more noise coming out of the conductor and it degrades the cable so it makes it so your speeds won’t be as high as you want them to be also .
I’d like to point out that these wires are more finely twisted together there there’s more twists per cable and per conductor prepare then with a cat5e and that’s again because of eliminating more crosstalk so the order of operation here white orange orange white green blue and it’s gonna be getting this wrapped around properly but gonna put it over there .
I’m going to white blue and then it’s gonna be green must be a white brown and brown and we want to flatten these out as much as possible so what I’m doing here I just kind of wiggle them around until they flatten out again we want to measure the length what we’re looking at but then .
I’m gonna introduce this little piece and I’m going to confuse you all this slides into the middle of this and it’s just another piece of insulation that protects from crosstalk so we want to cut this a little higher out and we want to put these into this connector and they won’t find their way right to where they need to be if I can get them all in .
there we’ll get around a little bit this piece and the finished product will end in a conductor and the modular plug right about there so we want this as far down as we can because we want this piece to crimp the sheath so what usually do is I measure out where I want this put our little pieces all the way to where.
we want to measure the length so that’s where the end is gonna be we use our trusty wire cutter and clip right along the edge and holding this piece in place with my thumb and my forefinger and we’re gonna clip off the rest of those so now it’s right flush with that and that’s what it’s gonna look like all right.
we’re gonna go ahead and put this into the mod plug you can see it’s a little uneven but that’s that’s okay because once we get it in here and get it slotted into place all these pieces we’re strongly in you want to make sure that again you see all the copper conductors along the edge.
here we’re going again push this all the way in double-check the ends here scrap it all the way down give a nice good squeeze do it twice just to be sure okay okay you can see though it’s crimped down on from the sheath everything is in place the spacer is inside everything is in place looks great .